The Microbead-Free Waters Act will ban the manufacture of microbeads starting in July 2017, followed by a ban on manufacturing over-the-counter drugs and on sales of cosmetics (including toothpastes) with microbeads to start in July 2018. A ban on sales of over-the-counter drugs containing microbeads will begin July 2019. The bill was championed by New Jersey Democratic Congressman Frank Pallone and Michigan Republican Congressman Fred Upton to phase out the production and sale of tiny bits of plastic called microbeads. The bipartisan piece of legislation moved quickly through the House of Representatives and the Senate (championed by New York Senator Gillibrand) and went on to the President's desk on December 18th. President Barack Obama signed the bill that will apply to all 50 states on December 28, 2015.